Clematis 'Fryderyk Chopin'

There are known over three thousand of large-flowered Clematis varieties, among which a few dozen are of Polish origin. More than a dozen of them have gained worldwide appraisal and recognition and are cultivated in millions of gardens all over the world in many countries in Europe, both Americas, Asia, Australia and Oceania, e.g.: Clematis 'Niobe' (W. Noll), Clematis 'Generał Sikorski' (W. Noll), Clematis 'Polish Spirit' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Jan Paweł II' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Błękitny Anioł' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Kardynał Wyszyński' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Warszawska Nike' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Kacper' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Westerplatte' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Emilia Plater' (S. Franczak), Clematis 'Monte Cassino' (S. Franczak) i Clematis 'Matka Urszula Ledóchowska'(S.Franczak).

Among new beautiful Polish cultivars, raised by S.Franczak, receiving international approval and awards are: Clematis 'Anna Karolina' - long-flowering, with white flowers and purple anthers, Clematis 'Bałtyk' with purple-lilac flowers; Clematis 'Dominika' with pale blue flowers; Clematis 'Dorota' with violet-blue flowers; Clematis 'Fryderyk Chopin' - gray-blue flowers with curvy edged tepals; Clematis 'Matka Siedliska' - large white flowers - double on previous year's wood in May-June, single, slightly pinkish on new growth in July-August; Clematis 'Solina' - long and profusely flowering with lilac-rose flowers; Clematis 'Sympatia' - large, rosy-mauve, wavy edged flowers and Clematis 'Syrena' with pruple-red flowers. The number of Polish Clematis cultivar is constantly growing. In 2001 Sz. Marczyński registered Clematis 'Barbara' with intense pink flowers; Clematis 'Hania'- velvety purple-red tepals with a pale pink margin; Clematis 'Julka' - velvety violet flowers with a deep-purple-red central bar. They were awarded gold, bronze and silver medals respectively at the Plantarium 2002 Trade Show in Boskoop in Holland.
In 2004 Sz. Marczyński also registered 'Jerzy Popiełuszko', with silky white flowers, 'Lech Wałęsa' with large, bule-violet flowers with a paler bar, 'Solidarność' with bright red flowers and 'Polonez' with wine red flowers, which won acclaim at the Plantarium 2005 Trade Show in Boskoop, Holland. 'Jerzy Popiełuszko' and 'Lech Wałęsa' were awarded gold medals, and 'Solidarność' and 'Polonez' received silver and bronze medals respectively. 'Bieszczady', 'Mazowsze' and 'Mazury', registered and introduced to the market in 2006, are the newest Polish cultivars.

Encycloapedia of plants comprises short characteristics of over one hundred of the most valuable and popular large-flowered, herbaceous and perennial clematis. It's worthwhile to remember that the majority of double flowered cultivars produce double flowers only during the early blooming in May-June, on previous year's wood, whereas flowers borne on new shoots are single, and may have a slightly different color. The prominent exceptions include Clematis 'Kiri Te Kanawa', Clematis 'Blue Light', Clematis 'Multi Blue' and Clematis 'Purpurea Plena Elegans' from the Viticella Group, that bear double flowers on both old and new growth.

Herbaceous clematis form an interesting, though not widely spread, group of climbers. Though of smaller flower stature, in full bloom masses of flowers give a spectacular display. Most of the varieties (e.g. Clematis alpina, Clematis macropetala, the Atragene Group and Clematis montana) start blossoming in late April - early May, that is 2 to 4 weeks earlier than the earliest flowering large-flowered hybrids. Many have lower growth and culture requirements, for instance cultivars from the Atragene Group, the Tangutica Group and the Vitalba Group have hardy stems, while clematis from the Tangutica Group will tolerate poorer soil and much drier conditions than any other varieties from the genus.

Clematis sibirica Atragene Group









Clematis Texensis Group 'Etoile Rose'




Perennial Clematis. These perennial species with raised, non-clinging stems, similar to those of a climbing rose are a valuable yet still little known Clematis group.