Encyclopaedia of vines
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Clematis 'Duchess of Edinburgh'
Clematis 'Duchess of Edinburgh'

A moderately fast growing cultivar. Large, double, rosette-like, white with green shading flowers, borne on previous year’s wood in May-June. During summer single flowers are produced on new growth. It thrives best in full sun. Excellent for walls, arbors..

Raised by George Jackman & Son, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1874.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
double white, single in summer 2-3 m big V, VI, VII, VIIIV, VI, VII, VIII S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Ernest Markham'
Clematis 'Ernest Markham'

A moderately growing, floriferous cultivar. Glowing red-violet flowers with a velvety sheen and cream-brown stamens. Excellent for walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and poles. It can also be grown into natural supports such as small trees or over large b..

Raised by E. Markham, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1938.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
red-violet with a velvety sheen 3-4 m big VII, VIII, IXVII, VIII, IX S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Fryderyk Chopin'
Clematis 'Fryderyk Chopin'

A Polish cultivar bearing interesting, gray-blue flowers with curvy edged tepals and cream stamens. Suitable for fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and poles. It can be grown over natural supports such as large bushy, deciduous or coniferous shrub..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland 1994.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
gray-blue 3 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Fujimusume'
Clematis 'Fujimusume'

A charming Japanese cultivar bearing bright blue flowers with yellow stamens. Free-flowering in May-June, and again in August-September. Excellent for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports. It can clamber over natural..

Raised by Seejuuroo Arai, Japan 1952.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
bright blue 2-3 m big V, VI, VIII, IXV, VI, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Generał Sikorski'
Clematis 'Generał Sikorski'

One of the most popular varieties. Mid-blue flowers, reddish at the base of the sepals, are profusely borne from June to July. It was raised in Poland. Excellent for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports, particularly..

Raised by Władysław Noll, Poland. Introduced in 1980.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
mid-blue 2-3 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Bieszczady' EARTHQUAKE
Clematis 'Bieszczady' EARTHQUAKE

Pink flowers 14-20 cm in diameter are composed of 6-8 petals with an almost white central bar. Claret anthers on pink filaments. Blooms from the end of June to September. Achieves a height of 2-3 m. It clings to supports with twining leaf petioles. Useful..

Raised by Szczepan Marczyński, Poland. Introduced in 2006.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
rose with a paler bar 2-3 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Hagley Hybrid'
Clematis 'Hagley Hybrid'

A hardy, moderately fast growing and free-flowering cultivar. Shell-pink flowers with contrasting chocolate-brown anthers, borne in July-September. Best planted out of full sun. Ideal for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden ..

Raised by P. Picton, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1956.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
shell-pink 2-3 m medium VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Mazowsze' VOLCANO
Clematis 'Mazowsze' VOLCANO

Claret velvety flowers 15-20 cm in diameter, on long stems. 6 nicely formed wide tepals. Coffee anthers on yellow filaments grouped in a semicircle. Together with yellow pistils they brighten the flowers. The inner side of the tepals has a whitish bar alo..

Raised by Szczepan Marczyński, Poland. Introduced in 2006.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
claret, velvety 2-3.5 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Mazury' CRATER LAKE
Clematis 'Mazury' CRATER LAKE

Large (15-17 cm in diameter), double flowers on new growth – blue with lighter spots. The outer circle of the tepals is mottled with green. Flowers have a nice, regular structure on opening and seem to be made of crêpe paper. When fully open they reveal c..

Raised by Szczepan Marczyński, Poland. Introduced in 2006.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
blue mottled with white, double 2-3 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Jackmanii'
Jackman Clematis

The oldest large-flowered cultivar raised in England in 1858. Spectacular, dark, violet-purple, semi-nodding flowers with green stamens are borne in great profusion from July to October. A healthy and hardy variety. Ideal for fences, walls, arbors, pergol..

Raised by George Jackman & Son, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1863.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
violet-purple 3-4 m medium VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9

Clematis 'Jan Paweł II' JOHN PAUL II
Clematis 'Jan Paweł II' JOHN PAUL II

A hardy, long-flowering Polish cultivar with a moderate growth rate. Large, cream flowers with a pale pink bar, particularly distinctive during autumn bloom. Suitable for fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports. It can clamber over ..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1979.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
cream with a pale pink bar in autumn 3-4 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Kacper'
Clematis 'Kacper'

A charming Polish cultivar bearing exceptionally large, deep violet-blue flowers with violet stamens. Flowers June-July and again in September. Ideal for fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports.

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1982.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
intensive violet 2-3 m very big VI, VII, IXVI, VII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Kardynał Wyszyński'
Clematis 'Kardynał Wyszyński'

A hardy, free-flowering Polish cultivar of a moderate growth. Crimson flowers with reddish-brown stamens are borne in great profusion from June to September. Ideal for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports. It can cla..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1983.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
glowing crimson 2-3 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Lady Betty Balfour'
Clematis 'Lady Betty Balfour'

A strong-growing variety with deep violet-blue flowers. Late summer blooming - from July to September. Performs best in full sun. Excellent for growing over arbors or tall supports.

Raised by A. G. Jackman, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1912.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
deep violet-blue 3-4 m big VII, VIII, IXVII, VIII, IX S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Mikołaj Kopernik'
Clematis 'Mikołaj Kopernik'

Lilac flowers, shaded pink in summer, of 15 cm in diameter with pointed tepals and crimson anthers on white filaments. Sometimes semi-double flowers appear on old wood. Blooms in May-June, and again in August. It attaches itself to supports with twining l..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1986.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
lilac, shaded pink in summer 2 m big V, VI, VIIIV, VI, VIII S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Lasurstern'
Clematis 'Lasurstern'

A very early-flowering variety of a moderate growth. Large lavender-blue flowers with contrasting yellow stamens are borne in great profusion from mid-May to June and again in September. Forms lovely compositions with yellow flowering azaleas or yellow le..

Raised by Goos & Koenemann, Germany 1905.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
lavender-blue 2-3 m big V, VI, VIII, IXV, VI, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Moniuszko'
Clematis 'Moniuszko'

A Polish cultivar with large (about 20 cm in diameter), deep violet, velvety flowers composed of 8 elliptical tepals with wavy edges. Violet anthers on creamy filaments. Blooms from June to September. Attains a height of 2-2.5 m. Attaches itself to suppor..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland 1996.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
deep violet, velvety 2.5 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Omoshiro'
Clematis 'Omoshiro'

A Japanese variety growing up to 2-3 m. White to pale pink flowers of about 16 cm in diameter, shading to pink or crimson pink round the edges. 6 to 8 tepals, pink on the outer side. Violet-red anthers on creamy filaments. Blooms in May-June and again Aug..

Raised by Hiroshi Hayakawa, Japan 1988.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, edged with pink 2-3 m big V, VI, VIII, IXV, VI, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Matka Siedliska'
Clematis 'Matka Siedliska'

A Polish variety with large white, sometimes slightly pink flowers. Double flowers are borne on previous year’s wood in May - June, whereas in July - August single flowers with reddish-brown anthers are produced on current year’s shoots.

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1987.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, double or single 2-3 m medium V, VI, VII, VIIIV, VI, VII, VIII S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Matka Urszula Ledóchowska'
Clematis 'Matka Urszula Ledóchowska'

A very early flowering Polish variety with a medium rate of growth. White flowers with nicely contrasting deep red anthers, borne during May and June. Excellent for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports.

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1988.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white 2-3 m big V, VIV, VI S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9