Encyclopaedia of vines
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Clematis recta
Clematis recta

A species growing in the wild in Roztocze in Poland and statutorily protected in this region. A valuable perennial bearing small star-shaped fragrant white flowers in large (up to 50 cm) panicles. Some of the varieties have very attractive leaves of purpl..

Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, fragrant 1-1.2 m small VI, VII, VIIIVI, VII, VIII S, E, W 3 (hard) 5 - 9Zones 5 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 5 - 9Zones 5 - 9

Clematis 'Albina Plena'
Clematis 'Albina Plena'

A very valuable Swedish cultivar, raised as a hybrid of Clematis faurieri and Clematis sibirica. Charming double flowers of the shape of an open bell, 6-8 cm across, slightly nodding. White sepals with pale yellow stamens. Main and the most profuse flower..

Raised by M. Johnson, Sweden 1982.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, double 3-4 m small IV, VIV, V S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9

Clematis 'Roko-Kolla'
Clematis 'Roko-Kolla'

An Estonian cultivar with a compact growth habit. Creamy-white flowers, having a greenish-yellow stripe down each tepal and creamy-yellow stamens, are borne very freely from the beginning of July to early October. It climbs by means of twining leaf petiol..

Raised by U. & A. Kivistik, Estonia. Introduced in 1983.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white with a yellow bar 1.5-2 m medium VII, VIII, IX, XVII, VIII, IX, X S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Jerzy Popiełuszko'
Clematis 'Jerzy Popiełuszko'

Large (13-15 cm in diameter) silky white flowers with coffee anthers on white filaments are borne profusely over a long period, from May until October. It climbs by means of twining leaf petioles and is suitable for growing over trellises, stakes and othe..

Raised by Szczepan Marczyński, Poland. Introduced in 2004.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white 1.2-1.5 m big V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XV, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Duchess of Edinburgh'
Clematis 'Duchess of Edinburgh'

A moderately fast growing cultivar. Large, double, rosette-like, white with green shading flowers, borne on previous year’s wood in May-June. During summer single flowers are produced on new growth. It thrives best in full sun. Excellent for walls, arbors..

Raised by George Jackman & Son, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1874.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
double white, single in summer 2-3 m big V, VI, VII, VIIIV, VI, VII, VIII S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis armandii 'Snowdrift'
Armand's Clematis (Evergreen Clematis) 'Snowdrift'

A vigorous climber with evergreen dark glossy leaves. White fragrant flowers, 5-6 cm across, appear from March to May. Plant in a sheltered site. It’s cold-resistant, and will tolerate temperature down to -12oC. It’s particularly recommended for winter ga..

Raised by L. Burbank, United Kingdom 1896.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, fragrant 3-5 m small III, IV, VIII, IV, V N, W 1 (none) 7B - 9Zones 7B - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
N, W 1 (none) 7B - 9Zones 7B - 9

Clematis 'Jan Paweł II' JOHN PAUL II
Clematis 'Jan Paweł II' JOHN PAUL II

A hardy, long-flowering Polish cultivar with a moderate growth rate. Large, cream flowers with a pale pink bar, particularly distinctive during autumn bloom. Suitable for fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports. It can clamber over ..

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1979.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
cream with a pale pink bar in autumn 3-4 m big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Omoshiro'
Clematis 'Omoshiro'

A Japanese variety growing up to 2-3 m. White to pale pink flowers of about 16 cm in diameter, shading to pink or crimson pink round the edges. 6 to 8 tepals, pink on the outer side. Violet-red anthers on creamy filaments. Blooms in May-June and again Aug..

Raised by Hiroshi Hayakawa, Japan 1988.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, edged with pink 2-3 m big V, VI, VIII, IXV, VI, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Matka Siedliska'
Clematis 'Matka Siedliska'

A Polish variety with large white, sometimes slightly pink flowers. Double flowers are borne on previous year’s wood in May - June, whereas in July - August single flowers with reddish-brown anthers are produced on current year’s shoots.

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1987.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white, double or single 2-3 m medium V, VI, VII, VIIIV, VI, VII, VIII S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Matka Urszula Ledóchowska'
Clematis 'Matka Urszula Ledóchowska'

A very early flowering Polish variety with a medium rate of growth. White flowers with nicely contrasting deep red anthers, borne during May and June. Excellent for growing over fences, walls, arbors, pergolas, trellises and wooden supports.

Raised by Stefan Franczak, Poland. Introduced in 1988.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white 2-3 m big V, VIV, VI S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Riga'
Clematis 'Riga'

An early-flowering (April-May), Swedish cultivar with partially open, slightly nodding, white, 4-tepalled flowers. It resembles Clematis sibirica but has much larger flowers. From June to autumn the plant is adorned with fluffy seed heads. It holds on to ..

Raised by M. Johnson, Sweden 1992.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white 3 m small IV, VIV, V S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9

Clematis 'Snow Queen'
Clematis 'Snow Queen'

A valuable variety originating from New Zealand. Large, white flowers with a tinge of mauve at the center and red anthers are profusely borne over a long period. Best planted against a dark background. Suitable for cultivation in large containers on terra..

Raised by W. S. Callic, New Zeland. Introduced in 1960.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
white with a mauve shading 2-3 m big V, VI, VIII, IXV, VI, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis heracleifolia 'Cassandra'
Clematis heracleifolia 'Cassandra'

A perennial cultivar with stiff, erected stems that don’t twine round the support but can lean against it. Bright blue, hyacinth shaped, fragrant flowers, consisting of 4 rolled back tepals with nicely crimped margins, are borne in clusters in leaf axils ..

Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
blue, fragrant 1 m small VII, VIII, IXVII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Vyvyan Pennell'
Clematis 'Vyvyan Pennell'

Described by its raisers as the best double clematis yet produced. Moderately fast growing cultivar with large, fully double, deep violet-blue flowers flushed with purple and carmine in center, borne on previous year’s wood in May-June. In August single, ..

Raised by W. Pennell, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1959.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
double violet-blue, single in summer 2-3 m big V, VI, VIIIV, VI, VIII S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Justa'
Clematis 'Justa'

A Lithuanian compact cultivar. Light blue-mauve flowers, 6-8 cm across, with 6-8 elliptic tepals with a light purple bar and slightly wavy margins. Light yellow anthers on white filaments. Flowers are produced profusely and over a long period, from June t..

Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
light blue-mauve 1-1.5 m medium VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Kagura'
Clematis 'Kagura'

A perennial cultivar of large, ornamental, light blue flowers. Recommended for domestic garden flower beds. WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE: Flowers large, 12–15 cm across, light blue, built of 4–8 elliptically prolonged sepals with wavy margins and stamens of purple..

Raised by Hiroshi Hayakawa, Japan, ca. 1996. The name Kagura originates from traditional music pieces dedicated to Japanese gods.  
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
blue 2 m medium VI, VII, VIIIVI, VII, VIII S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'Pamela Jackman'
Clematis 'Pamela Jackman'

One of the earliest and most profusely flowering varieties – during April-June, with occasional flowers in summer. Charming, large, rich blue flowers with outer staminodes tinged blue and inner staminodes white are followed during summer and autumn by dec..

Raised by G. R. Jackman, United Kingdom 1939.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
blue 2.5 m small IV, V, VII, VIIIIV, V, VII, VIII S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9

Clematis 'Cecile'
Clematis 'Cecile'

An early-flowering variety. Lovely, semi-double, dense blue flowers, borne from April to June, followed by silky seed heads. A very hardy plant with low requirements, tolerates semi-shade. Ideal for growing over fences, stones, old stumps, shrubs and coni..

Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
violet-blue, semi-double 2-3 m small IV, VIV, V S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 1 (none) 3 - 9Zones 3 - 9

Clematis 'Vistula'PBR
Clematis 'Vistula'

Polish cultivar with pale violet-blue flowers of about 15-20 cm across, composed of 6 oval tepals, long-tipped, wavy-edged. The stamens have yellow anthers on creamy filaments. It starts flowering in June but the bloom is the most profuse in August when o..

Raised by Szczepan Marczyński, Poland. Introduced in 2009.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
pale violet-blue 2.5-3 m very big VI, VII, VIII, IXVI, VII, VIII, IX S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 3 (hard) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9

Clematis 'H.F. Young'
Clematis 'H.F. Young'

A free-flowering cultivar. Single or semi-double, blue flowers are profusely borne from May to June. During summer, it repeats flowering, abounding with large but single flowers. Particularly useful for growing through other plants, against a dark backgro..

Raised by W. Pennell, United Kingdom. Introduced in 1962.
Color of flowers Plants height Flowers size Flowering month Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
blue 2-3 m big V, VI, VIIIV, VI, VIII S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9
Aspect Pruning way Frost hardiness
S, N, E, W 2 (light) 4 - 9Zones 4 - 9